Yisrael Yah’s Chosen But now listen, Jacob My servant, Israel, whom I have chosen. Thus says Adonai who made you, and formed you from the womb, who will help you: Do not fear, Jacob My servant, Jeshurun, whom I have chosen. Isaiah 44:1-2 TLV
The meaning of the name Yeshurun (Jeshurun) is “upright one” or “blessed one.” In the parallelism of Isaiah’s poetry, Yeshurun is a synonym for Jacob in the previous line. From this we see that Yeshurun is a poetic reference to the nation of Yisrael. It is a term of endearment; the Greek Septuagint translates Yeshurun as “beloved one,” using a form of the word agape. The name Yeshurun is used four times in the books of Deuteronomy and Isaiah. In every case the name occurs in a poetic setting and refers to Yisrael, Elohim’s beloved people.
Indeed, He loves the peoples, all His set-apart ones are in Your hand. And they, they sat down at Your feet, receiving Your Words. Mosheh commanded us a Torah, an inheritance of the assembly of Ya‛aqoḇ. And He was Sovereign in Yeshurun, when the heads of the people were gathered, the tribes of Yisra’ěl. Deuteronomy 33:3-5 TS2009
O Yeshurun, there is no one like Ěl, riding the heavens to help you, and on the clouds, in His excellency. The Elohim of old is a refuge, and beneath are everlasting arms. And He drives out the enemy from before you and says, ‘Destroy!’ Deuteronomy 33:26-27 TS2009
Yisrael can be called “Yeshurun” because of God’s mercy and forgiveness. Isaiah begins his book with the condemnation of Yisrael’s sin, calling them a “sinful nation . . . whose guilt is great” and a “brood of evildoers . . . given to corruption” (Isaiah 1:4). Yet Elohim still tenderly calls them “Yeshurun,” the “upright one.” The children of Yisrael forsook Yehovah: “They have spurned the Holy One of Yisrael and turned their backs on him” (verse 4). Yet Elohim still lovingly calls them “Yeshurun,” the “beloved one.” Yeshurun is the grace of Elohim on display.